Bola.com, Jakarta - Cerita dongeng atau disebut juga "fairytale story" dalam bahasa Inggris, merupakan sastra lama yang bercerita tentang kejadian yang luar biasa dan yang tidak benar-benar terjadi atau penuh khayalan (fiksi).
Sedangkan, menurut Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia (KBBI) daring, dongeng adalah cerita yang tidak benar-benar terjadi, terutama tentang kejadian zaman dulu yang aneh-aneh.
Jadi, dapat disimpulkan cerita dongeng adalah cerita yang tidak benar-benar terjadi atau berisi sebuah kisah yang penuh imajinasi.
Cerita dongeng biasanya digunakan untuk hiburan bagi si kecil menjelang tidur. Selain untuk hiburan, cerita dongeng berfungsi untuk menyampaikan ajaran moral yang mendidik terhadap anak-anak.
Pada dasarnya membaca cerita dongeng dapat mengisi quality time dan meningkatkan kedekatan antara orang tua dan anak-anak.
Orang tua bisa mengenalkan cerita dongeng dalam bahasa asing seperti bahasa Inggris. Tertarik untuk membacakan cerita dongeng bahasa Inggris untuk si kecil?
Berikut ini lima contoh cerita dongeng singkat bahasa Inggris, yang menarik dan sarat pesan moral, dikutip dari laman Ilmubahasainggris dan Visitpare, Senin (27/2/2023).
The Cat and the Fox
Once a cat and a ox were traveling together. As they went along, picking up provisions on the way, a stray mouse here, a fat chicken there, they began an argument to while away the time between bites. And, as usually happens when comrades argue, the talk begins to get personal.
"You think you are extremely clever, don't you?" said the Fox. "Do you pretend to know more than I? Why I know a whole sackful of tricks!"
"Well," retorted the Cat, "I admit I know one trick only, but that one, let me tell you, is worth a thousand of yours!"
Just then, close by, they heard a hunter's horn and the yelping of a pack of hounds. In an instant the cat was up a tree, hiding among the leaves.
"This is my trick," he called to the Fox. "Now let me see what yours are worth."
But the Fox had so many plans for escape he could not decide which one to try first. He dodged here and there with the hounds at his heels. He doubled on his tracks, he ran at top speed, he entered a dozen burrows, but all in vain. The hounds caught him, and soon put an end to the boaster and all his tricks.
The Koala and the Kangaroo
On the first sunny day of summer, Lulu the grey and cute koala, and Bella the jumpy and brown kangaroo had a nice sip at the cool, blue river.
"Hey, Lulu. Do you want to go on a race?" asked Bella. "Okay," said Lulu with a certain feeling she would lose.
So they ran the race and of course, fast Bella won and Lulu was right for once.
About an hour later Bella shouted at the top of her voice, "Let's see who can touch the top of that tree first".
"Okay, but only if you don't cheat," said Lulu. "I promise," said Bella.
Because Lulu was so determined, she climbed to the top faster than Bella could run. Lulu was so happy that she closed her eyes while she jumped down the tree saying "Yippy!"
The Sick Lion
A Lion, unable from old age and infirmities to provide himself with food by force, resolved to do so by artifice. He returned to his den, and lying down there, pretended to be sick, taking care that his sickness should be publicly known.
The beasts expressed their sorrow and came one by one to his den, where the Lion devoured them.
After many of the beasts had thus disappeared, the Fox discovered the trick and presented himself to the Lion, stood on the outside of the cave, at a respectful distance, and asked him how he was. "I am very middling," replied the Lion, "But why do you stand without? Pray to enter within to talk with me." "No, thank you," said the Fox. "I notice that there are many prints of feet entering your cave, but I see no trace of any returning."
The Ant and the Dove
One hot day, an ant was searching for some water. After walking around for some time, she came to a spring. To reach the spring, she had to climb up a blade of grass. While making her way up, she slipped and fell into the water.
She could have drowned if a dove up a nearby tree had not seen her. Seeing that the ant was in trouble, the dove quickly plucked off a leaf and dropped it into the water near the struggling ant. The ant moved towards the leaf and climbed up there. Soon it carried her safely to dry ground. Just at that time, a hunter nearby was throwing out his net toward the dove, hoping to trap it.
Guessing what he was about to do, the ant quickly bit him on the heel. Feeling the pain, the hunter dropped his net. The dove was quick to fly away to safety.
The Hungry Mouse
A mouse was having a very bad time. She could find no food at all. She looked here and there, but there was no food, and she grew very thin. At last, the mouse found a basket, full of corn. There was a small hole in the basket, and she crept in. She could just get through the hole.
Then she began to eat the corn. Being very hungry, she ate a great deal and went on eating and eating. She had grown very fat before she felt that she had had enough.
When the mouse tried to climb out of the basket, she could not. She was too fat to pass through the hole.
"How shall I climb out?" said the mouse. "Oh, how shall I climb out?" Just then a rat came along, and he heard the mouse.
"Mouse," said the rat, "if you want to climb out of the basket, you must wait till you had grown as thin as you were when you went in".
Sumber: Ilmubahasainggris, Visitpare
Dapatkan artikel contoh berbagai tema lain dengan mengeklik tautan ini.