Bola.com, Jakarta - Discussion text merupakan satu di antara jenis teks yang dibahas dalam mata pelajaran bahasa Inggris, khususnya di bangku Sekolah Menengah Atas.
Discussion text merupakan teks yang berisikan opini atau pendapat, baik kontra serta pro terhadap suatu isu atau permasalahan yang terjadi di masyarakat.
Adapun tujuan dari discussion text untuk memberikan informasi dari berbagai sudut pandang agar pembaca memiliki bahan pertimbangan yang ideal untuk menarik kesimpulan.
Secara umum, discussion text tidak jauh berbeda dengan persuasive text, tetapi keduanya memiliki fungsi dan tujuan yang berbeda.
Persuasive text bersifat persuasif atau membujuk dengan opini penulis dan condong ke suatu pihak. Sementara discussion text biasanya bersifat logis (masuk akal) dan objektif (tidak persuasif).
Discussion text bisa ditemukan dalam teks filosofis, historis, dan sosial. Itulah sedikit gambaran secara umum tentang discussion text.
Untuk lebih memahami materinya, ada beberapa contoh discussion text yang dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pembelajaran.
Berikut ini lima contoh discussion text, dikutip dari laman Yuksinau dan Inggrism, Rabu (31/5/2023).
The Pros and Cons of Social Media
Nowadays, everyone is a member of one or more social media platforms whether it is Instagram, Facebook, WhatsApp, Line, or other platforms. In this modern era, social media tends to form an integral part of our lives. As a new invention, social media must have its advantages and disadvantages in the way it affects people's lives. Let us take a look at some of these effects comprehensively.
Here are some positive effects of social media on people's lives. First, they become more informed about current affairs. With social media, we can easily find out about what is going on in our neighborhood, state, country, and even the entire world. It is an important way to equip ourselves with adequate knowledge of current affairs. Besides, it helps us to study many things.
Social media platforms can be a great study tool for us. We can use them to ask each other difficult questions that we could not solve by ourselves. It also makes it easier to form group discussions and study groups even when we are far from each other. Furthermore, it helps people with disabilities interact at the same level with others. On many occasions, people with disabilities do not get an equal chance to interact with others. However, social media offers an equal opportunity for them. They can do all of the activities that other people do on social media. This makes them realize that they are not different from others.
However, social media can also cause some negative effects on our lives. First, we are exposed to cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is one of the most negative influences in social media especially for teenagers. It gives a free platform for cyber bullies to bully others. The huge level of networking offered by social media makes cyberbullying move from bad to worse. In addition, it may decrease our productivity levels. Social media is very engaging to the people spending a lot of time on them.
They may neglect their work, friends, and family so that they can play a game or chat about various things not related to the work. This clearly reduces their productivity levels. Furthermore, it can lead to disclosing too much information. Social media has its own way of making people disclose much information they would not show in real life. By giving out too much information, for example about where one lives or what is happening to someone recently, the people could inadvertently make it easier for those who want to do them harm.
Thus, having social media can be said to be necessary. But, use it as needed and its appropriate portions. Then, access social media at certain times as needed. It’s ok for us to use social media for the purpose of a little entertainment as long as it neither causes dependency nor disturbs social interaction. Again, use social media according to its portion and benefits.
Pros and Cons of Abortion
Do you agree with abortion? When someone asks this to the people, there may be many “yes” and an equal number of “no”, voicing their opinion over this. Abortion has always been a debatable subject amongst the masses as people have their own arguments regarding it.
Those who are for, they think that sometimes life can be really harsh on us. In some cases, medical emergencies make a woman resort to this action because she may be at risk if she delivers the child. In some other cases, some of the rape victims can be minors. They won’t be mentally or physically prepared to have the newborn baby. Giving life to such an unwanted child may cause trouble for both mother and the child.
After all, abortion implies denying someone a well-deserved life. Just because the odds are not in our favor, can we deprive someone of the chance to live? Besides, having an abortion also carries the risk of not being able to become pregnant ever again in life. Abortion can also lead to serious health complications or even death.
Whether you agree or not, abortion will always happen in our society. While for one, having a forced child can be a highly miserable experience, for the other, abortion can be a positively miserable experience.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Falling in Love
Have you ever fallen in love? How does it feel? Does it give you more strength or weakness? Many people will say that it gives them more advantages while others may say that its disadvantages are pre-dominant for their loves’ live. So, what are the advantages and disadvantages of falling in love? The following discussion tries to give you a better vision of the benefits and the disadvantages of falling in love.
The first advantage of falling in love is that you have someone by your side, someone to share life’s experiences, and someone who will always support you. Besides, love makes life more exciting, colorful, and enjoyable. You will also be healthier physically and mentally when you have someone who always cares about you. Another advantage is that you can also experience the greatest mysteries of life when you fall in love. Lastly, having someone who loves you can motivate you to be a better person because you will always want to make him/her proud of you and have someone around you who can help you.
On the other hand, falling in love also has some disadvantages. The first disadvantage is feeling confined or trapped. It happens when the percentages of love are not balanced by both people. Also, sometimes, expectations result in disappointment. The disadvantage is that this condition often makes you down and lose your spirit to continue your life. In this case, falling in love can also add drama to your life.
Love will always have good and bad effects. It is only maturity which can manage these two effects wisely. So, you may fall in love every time but don’t have a relationship unless you have been mature enough to manage your feeling and not to be too dramatic when you fall in love with someone.
Is National Examination Necessary?
The national examination has become a hot topic to discuss in Indonesia. The main controversy regarding national tests is whether or not it is necessary to continue the national exams (UN). Some other debates focus on whether the quality of Indonesian education depends on the national exam and whether the quality of the Indonesian education system will worsen without a national exam.
Those who support the national exam, believe that the quality of the Indonesia education system will get worse without the national exam, so they try to defend the current system. They also believe that the national exam can be used to measure how far educational program designed by the government works.
However, for those who disagree with national exam, the result of national exam can’t give the clear image of students’ ability in general since the issues of cheating always happen. Furthermore, the national exam only measures a small portion of students’ competence in specific subjects and does not measure students’ competences throughout the semester.
Above all, the national examination can still be used as an instrument to evaluate the level of students’ cognitive competence in certain subjects, on a national scale.
The Benefits and Drawbacks of Distance Learning
For whatever reasons, people are now starting to switch from conventional learning to distance learning. But, people still debate if distance learning contributes more benefits or drawbacks.
The proponents of distance learning say it is better since it requires no commuting. Then, it saves time and money for students. Also, distance learning is more convenient for them.
Distance learning provides more availability. Nobody can reject it. With the presence of an online class method, students can still attend the class whatever their condition.
Despite the advantages, the opponents still find problems with distance learning. They say that distance learning is more costly. It also requires complex technology.
Another drawback of online classes is there is no immediate feedback. Not likely the traditional classroom, students should wait for comments or feedback. It is because the teacher has to review and send responses.
Students will learn and work alone most of the time. Students can feel isolated and get less physical and social interaction.
Distance learning may be good, but it does not mean this method has nothing to deny. Regarding the advantages and disadvantages, it’s good to see individuals’ learning styles before deciding to use online or traditional learning.
Sumber: Yuksinau, Inggrism
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